A report of the American Jamestown Foundation revealed on the sale of weapons provide by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to their pro-forces in Yemen, and to the Horn of Africa.
The report that prepared by Michael Horton said that the wars in Yemen and the vast number of arms and materiel provided by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have ushered in a golden age for regional arms traffickers. Where the flow of weapons and materiel from Yemen to the Horn of Africa has increased over the last three years.
The report noted that the prohibited trade in weapons and materiel between Yemen and the Horn of Africa has rarely been more profitable. However, weapons and materials of all kinds are easily now available on the Yemeni arms market. Almost all of these small and medium arms are less expensive in Yemen than in the countries that make up the Horn of Africa: Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Djibouti. Many of the smuggled weapons are sold on via middlemen who move the illicit goods to countries like Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania, South Sudan, and the Central African Republic.
The report clarified that it is possible to buy the Saudi manufactured G3 rifle supplied in large numbers to Saudi backed forces in Yemen can be purchased in a Yemeni arms market for $500. Then in Somalia, the same rifle will sell for at least three times that amount. While in Ethiopia, the rifle will be sold for up to six times what it costs to purchase in Yemen.
More advanced weapons like different kinds of the RPG—widely available in Yemen—are sold for as much as ten times what they cost in Yemen.
The report noted that there are some weapons reaching the hands of terrorist groups and rebels in Somalia. It is the youth movement, while most weapons and equipment reach other parts in Africa where prices are higher.
The two primary markets for these weapons are South Sudan and Ethiopia. South Sudan is sinking in a civil war and Ethiopia faces increasing ethnic tensions. Both countries offer abundant opportunities for arms traffickers.
The report revealed that there is a market in southern Sudan in which weapons originating from Yemen are sold to some neighboring countries; there are also Yemeni weapons that are also moved farther down the African coast to Tanzania and Mozambique via well-established smuggling routes.
The report indicated that trafficking in arms and illicit equipment from Yemen would compound instability in countries such as Somalia, Ethiopia and many other African countries.
It is noteworthy that Jamestown Foundation is one of the oldest American research Foundation that concern decision makers in United States.